Python has a special pass keyword to do nothing. Here’s a code example

countdown = 15
while countdown > 0:
    if countdown > 10:
        pass # Don't do anything yet
        print('T - ', str(countdown))
    countdown -= 1
    print ('We have liftoff!')

This code simulates a countdown, but we don’t actually want to print anything to the console until we get to 10. In this case, we set up an if condition that checks if countdown is greater than 10. If countdown is greater than 10, we use pass to do nothing.

In the real world, I tend to use pass when I am developing. Here is an example

def onNew():
    #TODO: Handle new file here

def onSave():
    #TODO: Handle saving a file here

def onOpen():
    #TODO: Handle opening a file here

def onError():
    #TODO: Handle user input errors here

repeat = True
while repeat:
    print('1) New...')
    print('2) Open...')
    print('3) Save...')
    print('4) Quit...')

    choice = input('Enter an option => ')
    if choice == 1:
    elif choice == 2:
    elif choice == 3:
    elif choice == 4:
        repeat = False

In this programming example, I’m in the process of developing a menu drive user interface. You can see the menu printed out in the while loop. The user is asked for a choice and then if/elif statements are used to respond to their choice. In each choice except 4, we are using function to handle the user’s choice. This keeps the user reponse code seperate from the user menu code (concept know as seperations of concerns).

Above the menu loop there are four functions: onNew(), onOpen(), onSave(), and onError(). Every single one of these functions has the pass keyword. Eventually the pass statements will get replaced with actual code to handle each event, but for now, I only want to test the menu code. Using pass in this fashion lets me run the program and make sure the menu is working properly before I continue developing the rest of the program.


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