Tk — Toplevel

Toplevel widgets are non-root windows. In other words, Toplevel widgets are windows that appear outside of the application’s root window. We can use Toplevel widgets for items such as dialogs, color picker windows, or even dragging tabs into windows. Basically, anytime you need a window that isn’t part of the main application, you can use a Toplevel to create it.

Here is an example of a script that creates Toplevel windows everytime the Spawn button is clicked.

from tkinter import *

count = 0

def spawn_top_level(text):
    global count

    # Create a new window with a label
    win = Toplevel()
    Label(win, text=text, font=('Arial', 32, 'italic')).pack(expand=YES, fill=BOTH)

    count += 1

# This is the main application window
root = Tk()
       command=(lambda: spawn_top_level('Top Level: {}'.format(count)))).pack()
Button(root, text='Quit', command=root.quit).pack()

The code creates Toplevel windows inside of the spawn_top_level() function. The window itself is created on line 10, and then we attach a Label to it on line 11. Notice how we pass win as the Label’s parent on line 11. This is how Tkinter knows where to attach the label. When the script is run, we get something like the screenshot below.



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s